Many families have pet cats, and therefore it is very important to know which of their diseases can be dangerous for humans, how to identify them, treat them and carry out prevention. Diseases transmitted from cats to humans are not very numerous, but they are often very dangerous. If the owner responsibly approaches the content, then the pet will be reliably protected from health problems, therefore will not infect people.
There are a large number of diseases transmitted from a cat to a person, we note the six most common of them:
It is one of the most dangerous diseases that affects both animals and humans.Unfortunately, there is currently no cure for rabies in cats. We can only advise you to get vaccinated to prevent infection.
The initial symptoms of pathology in a cat occur on average 10 days after infection:
- aggression appears, the causes of which remain unknown;
- the animal begins to be afraid of the light and tries to stay in the dark corners of the room;
- convulsions appear that resemble an epileptic seizure;
- can paralyze the pet’s paws;
- often there is increased salivation.
Infection occurs after contact with a sick animal. It will be enough to stroke him once to pick up lichen. It provokes a pathology of a microscopic fungus that can be treated. Sometimes contact with an object where the pathogen remains after a cat is enough for a person to become infected.
The pet will have round spots on which there will be short hair. At the same time, the skin in these places will turn red, begin to peel off. Often the muzzle of the pet suffers, as well as the area of \u200b\u200bthe tail and limbs.
People experience similar symptoms: one or more spots form, the skin turns red. You will need to be treated by a dermatologist if a person has undergone a disease.
3. Worm infestations.
Worms quite often disturb pets, and even cats that stay only in the apartment are not immune from them. You can get infected with them even through food, as well as after contact with other animals. Be sure to perform deworming every three months to prevent the development of complications due to parasites. A person can also become infected from an animal, so often all family members have to be treated.
The presence of the disease can be understood by the following signs:
- increased weakness;
- violation of the digestive function;
- tarnishing of the pet’s coat;
- itching in the anus. In this case, the cat begins to intensively comb the perineum;
- loss of appetite, as well as a noticeable increase;
- weight loss, which can be rapid or gradual.
4. Felinosis (cat scratch disease).
Based on the name, it is easy to understand that the disease occurs when the skin of a person is damaged by the claws of a cat. It is under the claws that the pathogen is located, which is able to penetrate into the cells of the blood vessels.
- elevated body temperature. In some cases, this symptom can persist up to 10 days;
- regular headaches that occur for no reason;
- swelling of the lymph nodes;
- redness of the skin in the area of scratches. Often this area begins to swell, pus appears.
It is possible to determine the presence of a disease in a cat only by the signs that occur in humans. After the onset of symptoms, it is necessary to begin treatment, at the time to consult a doctor.
5. Chlamydia and toxoplasmosis.
It is caused by the protozoan chlamydia and toxoplasma, which can be picked up from small rodents.
Signs of chlamydia:
- loss of appetite;
- inflammatory process affecting the eyes;
- coughing and sneezing, which have different intensity;
- significant weakness and increased fatigue;
- breathing is accompanied by wheezing, which must necessarily alert a person;
- the presence of purulent discharge that comes from the nasal cavity.
If you do not start treatment for chlamydia after the onset of the first symptoms, the animal may die within 2-3 days due to swelling of the lung area. In humans, chlamydia manifests itself as acute inflammation of the lungs. And for women, toxoplasmosis is dangerous by the threat of abortion and habitual miscarriage. Be sure to immediately begin treatment if you do not want to face complications.
A fairly common disease in the animal world. You can recognize the pathology by the characteristic symptoms that will be observed in the pet.
- sudden increase in body temperature;
- loss of appetite;
- lethargy, drowsiness and increased fatigue;
- avoiding contact with other animals or people;
- the presence of pus in the eyes and nose;
- increased salivation;
- problems with respiratory function;
- nausea and vomiting;
- diarrhea with blood impurities.
It is extremely important to help the animal as quickly as possible, otherwise it will die in 3-4 days. If a person becomes infected with salmonellosis, then he will have signs of acute poisoning. It is often possible to prevent pathology in that situation, if meat and milk are always processed using high temperature. In this case, it will be much more likely to prevent the occurrence of pathology, both in the pet and in the owner.
It is necessary to treat diseases of cats that are dangerous to humans, as well as to prevent their occurrence. If a pet becomes ill, then it is important to immediately contact a veterinarian. Care must be taken not to get infected from a cat, and even more so to prevent transmission of the infection to children and pregnant women.
It is much easier to prevent the occurrence of pathologies dangerous to humans in your pet than to treat them.
- timely vaccination;
- complete nutrition of the animal
- compliance with the rules for caring for cats;
- prevention of stress in the animal;
- preventing the uncontrolled presence of an animal on the street;
- preventing animals from eating rodents and some species of birds (eating waste).