Gone are the times when a cat in the house was perceived mainly as a tool for catching mice long ago, and today for most people a cat is a pet, an outlet, a true friend and a family member. That is why, if the purr gets sick, the loving owners are very worried about him and do their best to cure him as soon as possible. However, the main problem is that a cat, unlike a person, cannot know what hurts and what it feels. This means that in this case, you will only have to guess what sickened your delicate beauty, and knowing the most common diseases and their symptoms will help in this matter.
Why can a cat get sick
First of all, it should be understood that even living in sterile cleanliness and not going out, your pupil may still suffer from some kind of disease. For example, problems with the gastrointestinal tract can be caused by improper or high-quality food selection, as well as intolerance to allergies to a particular component. Urolithiasis is often caused by a sedentary lifestyle and insufficient water intake, and overfeeding and being overweight can lead to heart problems. External and internal parasites can reach the cleanest house through clothes, shoes and bags.
Therefore, if you notice that the pet behaves uncharacteristically – for example, he became lethargic or irritable, lost his appetite, began to ignore the tray or visit it often – you should pay special attention to the health of the cat and try to find out which disease attacks her body. Do not worry, most diseases are curable, the main thing is to recognize the symptoms in time and start acting.
Urolithiasis and its symptoms
Urinary tract infection and cystitis are serious diseases that are more likely to be infected with guilt who have undergone sterilization or castration. The reason may lie in genetic predisposition, improper and unbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, insufficient water intake, frequent feeding of fish or raw meat. The first attacks of urolithiasis (ICD) can occur suddenly: it becomes painful for the pet to relieve itself from a small need, blood often appears in the urine, the cat often visits the tray, but very little urine is excreted. If Rhea is not treated in time, the animal will face significant health problems and early death. Therefore, if you notice such symptoms, immediately show your pet to the veterinarian and start treatment.
For rapid recovery, experts recommend using an integrated approach: a special therapeutic diet, medical and homeopathic remedies, shock wave therapy and, in advanced cases, surgical removal of kidney stones. Be sure to keep your pet’s weight within normal limits, provide him with clean drinking water and high-quality canned food saturated with moisture. And be sure to protect the animal from hypothermia – colds can significantly slow down the healing process of KSD.
Dermatitis and skin allergies
Often, domestic cats suffer from diseases associated with the skin and coat. Most of these problems develop due to parasites – fleas, ticks, Wilts, lice and other bloodsuckers. But dermatitis can also be caused by poor food, contact with detergents and strong chemicals, interaction with an infected animal, fungus, poor hygiene or simply genetic predisposition. Even an inexperienced owner will be able to notice skin and coat problems: if the cat began to itch strongly or constantly, spots, rashes, irritations or crusts appeared on her skin, bald spots formed in the coat and their shedding intensified, it’s time to start treating your pet.
The first step is to show the cat to a veterinarian – dermatologist, who will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe a course of medication. If parasites or fungi are the cause of the skin disease, the doctor will advise special ointments or sprays, in case of allergies, it is recommended to protect the cat from irritants, stimulants and healing creams are prescribed for healing. You will also need to provide the pupil with dietary food aimed at improving the skin and coat, pick up a high – quality vitamin complex and get hypoallergenic hygiene products-shampoos, balms and balms.
Diseases of the ear and eyes
The areas of the ears and eyes often suffer from various diseases, because they are very comfortable for the reproduction of viruses and infections. In order to notice the symptoms in time, it is important to regularly inspect the muzzle of your pet, and even better, wipe the ears and eyes with a cotton sponge dipped in a special lotion.
To determine that the cat’s eyes need urgent treatment is quite simple: symptoms are swelling and redness of the eyelids, clouding of the lens, protrusion of the eyeball, dilated pupils, lack of reaction to light, clear or purulent discharge of the eye. If your pet has at least one of the listed signs, you should immediately take it to a veterinarian and ophthalmologist. Possible diseases include glaucoma, conjunctivitis, cataracts and keratitis. Depending on the disease, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, ointment, drops or injections, and in particularly difficult cases, surgery may be necessary.
Ear diseases are a little more difficult to notice, because you need to carefully examine the ear for inflammation, redness, peeling, minor injuries and insects. Even the most caring cat can get infected with insects that like to settle in warm ears, eczema, hematoma or otitis media – a serious inflammation in which a lot of sulfur and blood is released. Any of these diseases should be treated under the strict supervision of a treating veterinarian. In simple cases, the cat is prescribed ointments, antibiotics, drops and regular hygiene procedures, and in case of hematomas, the surgeon removes blood clots and, if necessary, prescribes a special course of treatment.
External and internal parasites
Parasites are perhaps the most common problem faced by cats of all ages. The animal can “catch” insects or their larvae during walks, when in contact with another four-legged animal, when eating raw and unwashed foods, and also with not very clean water. Ectoparasites are not dangerous in themselves, but they bite very painfully and spread serious diseases, including deadly tuberculosis. Worms disrupt digestion, cause diseases of internal organs, lead to stress of the body and death of the cat. Therefore, veterinarians advise regularly, once every 3-4 months, to give your pet antiparasitic tablets or syrup – you can buy them at any pet store or veterinary pharmacy.
To understand whether a cat has external parasites – fleas, ticks, lice or lice – you need not only to inspect the coat every day, but also carefully monitor the behavior of your pet. If it itches all the time, becomes lethargic and quickly irritated, irritations and scratches from itching appear on the skin – most likely, blood-sucking parasites lie in the shell. In some cases, fever can also be a symptom – it is caused by painful bites, especially when infected with ticks.
With helminthiasis, the cat often has cough, diarrhea, vomiting (sometimes with helminths), poor appetite, weight loss and stunting. If you find any of these signs, be sure to consult a veterinarian and ask him to help you choose an effective therapeutic drug that takes into account the age and size of the pet.
Infectious diseases in cats
Infectious diseases are one of the most dangerous and difficult to treat, so it is especially important to protect your pet from them in all possible ways and carefully monitor the symptoms. Infections are viral, fungal and bacterial and each has its own symptoms and treatments.
For example, among bacterial diseases, the tail is more likely to develop anemia and salmonellosis. With anemia, the pet’s temperature rises, it becomes lethargic and loses its appetite, the oral mucosa becomes pale. Salmonellosis is also accompanied by fever and lack of appetite, so the characteristic symptoms are vomiting and runny nose. These diseases are treated with antibiotics, dietary nutrition, homeopathy, immunosuppressive serums – of course, the infectious disease specialist should prescribe the necessary medication.
Fungal infections affect the internal and external organs, there are incredibly many types of these diseases, therefore, at the slightest suspicion of the occurrence of such a disease, it is better to immediately take the animal to the vet. Your pet can become infected through contact with fungus spores – through a wound on the skin, while eating, or even by inhaling air. The most striking signs of the disease are the appearance of bald spots on the coat with inflamed red skin edges, fever, eye damage, swelling of the bridge of the nose, subcutaneous nodules filled with pus (with Staphylococcus).
Viral diseases are especially difficult to treat and often kill cats, because the sooner they recognize the disease, the more likely it is to save the life of the animal. Common viral diseases include infectious leukopenia (cat fever), coronaviruses, calcification and rabies. The signs of these diseases are different, but for many they are accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, ulcers and fever. Infection usually occurs through contact with a sick pet, and for treatment, doctors prescribe antiviral drugs and serums, the effectiveness of which depends on the type of disease and the stage of the disease.
It is important to understand that the surest way to keep your pet healthy is to do everything possible to prevent disease. Be sure to provide your cat with high-quality food and clean water, arrange for her a comfortable and well-kept place to relax, make sure that the floors are regularly washed in the house, and the windows are open for ventilation. It will not be superfluous to vaccinate the animal against the most common diseases – fortunately, such procedures are carried out in all veterinary clinics, they are very inexpensive and do not harm cats. And if the disease has overtaken your pupil nevertheless, do not waste time and immediately contact the veterinarian – it is better to consult again than to lose your furry friend forever