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Generale Health

Top 10 Most Common Cat Diseases

There are numerous cat-related issues that owners confront the most frequently. While some cats have lived to an old age, it is impossible to expect this despite having visited the vet’s clinic only once to perform routine sterilization. Anyone who is warned is protected.

Urolithiasis (ICD)
The most prevalent disease in domestic cats. Every seventh cat suffers from this issue (about 15 percent in the general population). The persistent prejudice that urolithiasis results from a dry diet and castration. The reason differs: 9 10 out of 10 animals suffering from KSD are overweight. Typically, the disease is seen in males who range from six months to 7 years old.
Urolithiasis is a metabolic condition that causes the appearance of large kidney stones, bladder, urethra, and urethra (sandstones). The urinary canal of cats is broad, narrow, and curving. If sand gets excreted from a cat’s urine, it gets blocked and inflamed. This can result in the death of your pet if you don’t seek assistance in a timely fashion.

Symptoms:
The cat is sat inside the dish for an extended period while yelling and pushing.
Urine is released drop by drop, accompanied by blood. It is smelly and smells. Sometimes, there’s none even.
Insomnia, depletion.
Vomit.
Convulsions, coma.
Cats die suffering from obstruction in the urethra due to a rupture of the kidney or acute renal impairment.

The urethra in cats of the cat is large and narrow, and tiny stones are unable to block it. This is why symptoms seen in females are usually related to an inflammation of the bladder that is filled with rocks.

often cystitis-related cystitis;
the urine is stained with blood.
Urination was painstakingly painful.
The conservative treatment is the selection of a specific diet, followed by a program of antispasmodics, antibiotics, and herbal remedies. It is a procedure to catheterize the bladder to relieve it of the urine. Animals with serious health issues are given drops.

Surgery is the process of creating a new opening to allow the urodynamics to be performed at the widest part of the urinary tract. An extremely painful operation in which the penis is removed. Urethrostomy, when done correctly, yields excellent results.

It is vital to identify the kind of stones (oxalates, struvites, or Urates) and adhere to the guidelines of the veterinarian throughout the lifespan of the animal in order to avoid Relapses.

Oral ailments
Nearly every cat has to see dentists, even though in the United States, this particular branch of veterinary medicine first appeared quite a while in the past. Dental problems are often unnoticed for an extended period: The pet’s owner doesn’t look at the pet’s mouth, and the cat does not complain. Some signs indicate oral problems

The smell of the mouth is unpleasant.
Salivation.
Unusual eating behavior (takes one bite and throws it away, then chews to one end, and refuses the dry foods).
He rubs his muzzle using his paw and shakes his head.
In more severe cases (abscess and tumor process), there is an asymmetry in the muzzle.

Many people believe that dental issues are the majority in older animals. However, for young cats, dental decay, resorptive tooth decay, and the development of gingivitis in young animals are major troublesome. In older pets, periodontal problems are commonly noticed. Dental decay and gum inflammation may even go as far as they can cause inflammation of the bone of your jaw (osteomyelitis).

Tooth decay, just like humans is caused by dental hygiene and genetics (plaque and tartar). Cleaning your cat’s teeth regularly is nearly impossible because They’re not as tolerant as dogs. This is why the best way to prevent it lies in regular visits to the vet and proper nutrition.

Thoroughbred breeds are more susceptible to dental problems, including faceless Persians along with British Maine Coons.

Inflammatory processes within the oral cavity may be an indication of other illnesses:
Nature of the virus (calicivirus, immunodeficiency, and more);
oncology (tumor);
kidney insufficiency.
A veterinary dentist can work on animals only through general anesthesia; therefore, the cat is given blood tests, ultrasounds of the heart, and other diagnostic tests. The clinic must have an X-ray specifically designed for intraoral imaging and a dental drill, as well as an ultrasound scaler.

It is incorrect to view periodontal diseases as a disease that is not serious. If you have concerns about the mouth and you are concerned, it is best to consult an expert immediately.

kidney failure
Cats suffer from kidney diseases far more often than other pets. Every 5th pet who is 8 years old suffers from chronic renal impairment (CRF). For cats that have passed the threshold of 10 years old the frequency is currently every 3rd.

The leading cause of the disease is that the kidneys cannot fulfill their purpose, which is to remove harmful metabolic waste and regulate the number of salts present in the body. In older animals, the process is linked with atrophy of the structures of the kidneys and is, therefore, irreversible. Over a long time, CRF remains unnoticed, and the patients turn to doctors before they reach the point of death for the illness.

Symptoms:
lack of appetite, inability to eat;
muscle atrophy, exhaustion;
the bad smell emanating from oral ulcers, bad smell,
periodic vomiting;
apathy, lethargy, weakness.
The treatment aims to reduce blood elements like creatinine, urea, and phosphorus (products of the process of metabolism). Droppers are prescribed or sometimes dialysis. The kidneys’ work is accelerated by the medication and reducing the burden on them through the use of a diet that is specially designed (Royal Canin Renal, Hill’s k/d). The treatment lasts for a lifetime. It is not possible to treat CRF. However, the cat’s owner can make its existence more enjoyable and extend it.

CRF is a concern for cats with a long history, and kittens frequently suffer from chronic kidney failure (ARF). Causes:
Poisoning (household chemicals, poisonous rats and the bite of a snake);
dehydration (diarrhea, heat stroke, bleeding);
Kidney diseases (pyelonephritis);
obstruction in the urinary tract (with ICD).
Diagnosis of renal failure was made based on an ultrasound and blood test.

Oncology
The majority of tumors are seen in cats aged between 10 and 12 years; however, all animals are at risk of developing oncology. The benign tumors such as papillomas and the lipomas (tumors that affect the subcutaneous and skin tissues) are the most common. There are malignant tumors that affect mammary glands. Lymphosarcoma is usually diagnosed as a cause, and the leukemia virus causes the reason. It is possible to find tumors in the oral cavity and in the inner organs (in the abdominal and chest cavity).

Signs – any form that appears suddenly in a cat

ball;
cone;
seal;
the site of inflammation.
A malignant tumor is tissue outside the body, which grows in uncontrolled amounts in a way that destroys healthy tissue and causing harm to the body. The tumor causes metastatic tumors (daughter tumors), which can cause the cat’s death. A breast tumor is a threat to the lungs.

The most effective treatment methods are chemotherapy and surgery. The tumor is removed with the tissues surrounding it, hoping to avoid re-growth. The process is not simple, and the cat will require thorough examination and ongoing treatment. And even taking timely steps, the risk of dying from cancer is exceptionally high.

Pyometra

Uterus inflammation can be the most frequent ailment of females that aren’t sterilized. It is most often seen in the mature age (after 5 years); however, in cats belonging to “temperamental” breeds (Siamese, Sphinxes), it occurs within the very first year of life. Pyometra is often triggered by the use of hormone drops that block sexual activity.

It is crucial to know that even though the uterus may be full of pus, the condition is not infectious but rather hormonal—a high level of progesterone and estrogen results in cystic changes in the uterus. The contents begin to build up in the organ’s cavity in the event of an open form of Pyometra; the walls of the uterus may extend to an unimaginable extent that can even break. Pyometra can cause severe intoxication and often sepsis.

Symptoms begin 1-2 months after the onset of estrus.
Extreme thirst and frequent urine;
refusing to eat;
Temperature increase
weakness;
an increase in the contours of the abdomen;
The genital tract discharges with an unpleasant smell.
Alongside Pyometra, postpartum endometritis missed pregnancy, and postpartum is also isolated. Treatment with surgery is the removal of the ovaries and the uterus. When intervention is timely, the majority of cats will recover.

A planned sterilization procedure for a cat can help prevent these devastating illnesses.

Gastritis
Inflammation of the stomach among cats is a very common issue as the digestive tract of cats is highly sensitive. The main cause is inadequate eating (food taken from the table, an abrupt shift in food) or in those with long hair – the clogging in the digestive tract by hairballs. Gastritis is an additional disease that is associated with stress, kidney failure and a malfunction in your immune system. Certain medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (painkillers) or steroids (prednisolone) are known to cause irritation of the stomach wall, resulting in an ulcer.

Symptoms:

vomiting foam, bile, undigested food;
stool disorders;
Loss of appetite, in the exacerbation period – refusing to eat;
abdominal wall.
Gastroscopy is seldom performed in cats, and instead, the owners diagnose the cat by observing symptoms of the cat’s health. It is because of the inability of owners to apply general anesthesia, and blood tests and ultrasounds aren’t reliable. Gastritis can last for decades: your cat regularly gets sick.

Treatment is based on a specific diet and gastroprotection, which are drugs that lower acidity and wrapping.

Prevention is a responsible approach towards the diet of fluffy pets. Regular usage of malt powder to eliminate wool.

Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is a condition that irritates the pancreas, which is the organ responsible for the creation of digestible enzymes. Cats may suffer from acute pancreatitis. The exact reason for this has not yet been determined by vets. The trigger can be spice-rich, fatty food items and a sudden shift in diet. The illness causes severe pain to animals and is extremely dangerous in that there is a chance of “self-digestion” of the gland by enzymes and irreparable destruction.

Symptoms:

frequent vomiting, which includes an guillotine;
Diarrhea, other stool disorders;
symptoms of extreme pain or soreness of the abdomen;
oppression, dehydration.
It isn’t always easy to determine a diagnosis: Blood tests are only helpful to decide if liver issues are present. In contrast to the common myths, the increase in amylase or lipase isn’t indicative of pancreatitis among cats. Ultrasound is a way to detect swelling and an expansion of the pancreas, provided a trained expert conducts the test. In cases of doubt, the procedure is computed tomography.

In some cases, pancreatitis can be confused with an external body located in the intestine because of the same clinical appearance and the failure of conservative treatment. The condition of the gland will be assessed in a diagnostic procedure.

Treatment involves an infusion treatment for extended periods (droppers) as well as anesthesia (morphine derivatives) as well as an antiemetics treatment as well as the use of a specific diet.

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is rare in dogs more than in cats; however, due to the increasing amount of overweight animals, it’s becoming more prevalent. Most neutered cats and kittens who are between 9 and 11 years old are suffering from. The predisposition is evident within those of the Siamese breed. It is the most prevalent disease of the endocrine system found in 0.25 percent of people.

The root cause of the condition is that the pancreas cannot make enough insulin, which is a hormone that regulates the flow of glucose into the cells and tissues in the body. In the case of diabetes the blood sugar levels stay elevated and cells are deficient in energy. The kidneys start to release “excess” glucose in the urine. The cat spits water on herself The volume of urine increases The animal becomes thirsty and drinks constantly. Because glucose is not absorbed into cells, the sensation of hunger doesn’t go disappear after eating and the cat is able to eat more than normal.

Symptoms:
drinking heavily and pissing often;
Increased consumption and loss of weight simultaneously;
The unpleasant acetone smell emanates out of the mouth as well as the skin
The hind legs are weak and the weakness of the hind legs and.
Diabetes can be dangerous due to the fact that toxic substances build up in the blood , namely body ketones and their accumulation can cause death. In cats suffering from illness, long-lasting ulcers and wounds that do not heal form, and UTIs (cystitis) are common. The muscles weaken, neurological problems are observed.

The treatment is based on regular insulin administration and the dosage must be selected individually, and this is a lengthy process. If you do not take care, you may result in a sudden drop in blood sugar , referred to as hypoglycemia. This is characterized through convulsions, weakness or losing consciousness.

Alongside insulin therapy, diet that is therapeutic (Royal canin diabetic, Hill’s W/D) is recommended.

A cat suffering from diabetes needs lots of attention from their owners, as well as continuous treatment. Owners learn to administer injections themselves and to measure blood sugar.

Diabetes prevention is about keeping weight off of pets.

Conjunctivitis
The mucous membrane is inflamed and inflammation of the eye is frequent in cats. Most likely, the reason is an infection caused by a virus or a traumatic eye injury.

Symptoms:

eye redness;
Eyes “flow” (a large amount of tears);
squinting, photophobia;
abundant discharge of either purulent or mucous.
If these signs are evident and the cat is ill, it should be taken to a veterinarian Ophthalmologist. The first aid you can do for home use is to get rid of secretions that bind the eyelids, and then impregnate the coat using a moist cotton pad. If there is a suspicion of injury (a corneal defect is observed through eyes that are not covered) Human eye drops are prescribed: Floxal or Tobrex 4-6 every daily.

Parasitic disease
Even in the absence of any content in an apartment, cats may be infected with Ectoparasites or helminths. In free-range cats, more than 99 percent of cats are infected by various parasites.

Ectoparasites: fleas ticks Ear mites, fleas (otodectosis).
Lamblia Helminths.
Signs of helminthic invading:
appetite disorders;
periodic vomiting;
constipation and diarrhea;
mucus blood, feces and mucus; the parasites themselves , or their fragments;
itching on itchy areas of the anus (the cat is always licking and walks in the rug).
The prevention of parasitic diseases is reduced to the prescribed dacha of antihelmintic (once every quarter) and the use of medications for ticks and fleas. Don’t feed the cat fish or meat.

Conclusion
The list doesn’t include traumatizing and infectious diseases, though they are more frequent than some of the illnesses on the list. It is true that the viral diseases (panleukopenia, feline rhinotracheitis, and calicivirus) can be prevented with timely vaccination. As for injuries (falling from the heights, car accidents or bites from relatives and dogs) depend on the kind of material (apartment or walking) and the liability of the owner.